Old Testament Survey

Genesis  |  Exodus  |  Leviticus  |  Numbers  |  Deuteronomy  |  Joshua  |  Judges  |  Ruth  |  1 Samuel  |  2 Samuel  |  1 Kings  |  2 Kings  |  1 Chronicles  |  2 Chronicles  |  Ezra  |  Nehemiah  |  Esther  |  Psalms  |  Song of Solomon  |  Lamentations  |  Job  |  Proverbs  |  Ecclesiastes  |  Isaiah  |  Jeremiah  |  Ezekiel  |  Daniel  |  Hosea  |  Joel  |  Amos  |  Obadiah  |  Jonah  |  Micah  |  Nahum  |  Habakkuk  |  Zephaniah  |  Haggai  |  Zechariah  |  Malachi

Pentateuch

Section Contents:

  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy
Pentateuch is a combination of two Greek words that mean "Five Scrolls." These first and foundational five books of the Bible are also called the Torah, Hebrew for law or instruction. These five books contain the covenants, the patriarchs, the laws of God, the laws for Israel and the foundations of the nation of Israel, God's chosen people. They describe the beginning of Israel in Abraham and the patriarchs, as well as Israel's God-led exodus out of slavery in Egypt, the formation of the nation at Mount Sinai, the law God laid down for their nation, and the promises for the land that would be theirs. It also contains the lessons learned in the wilderness between God's rescue in Egypt and Moses' death, ushering in a new leadership by Joshua to take the land.

Genesis

First in the Old Testmanet and the Canon of Scripture, Genesis is indeed the book of firsts. It's Hebrew name is taken from the first words of the book, meaning "In the beginning." Genesis is a book of beginnings. It is the beginning of the world as we know it in creation, the beginning of the redemption story, the beginning of the Patriarchs of Israel, and the beginning of the nation of Israel. Genesis focuses on certain characters like Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph. Its goal is to show how God is beginning to work His redemption by using Abraham and Israel. And it ends by showing how the people of Israel find themselves in Egypt, the setting of the book following, Exodus.

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Exodus

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Lefiticus

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Numbers

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Deuteronomy

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Writings - History

Section Contents:

  1. Joshua
  2. Judges
  3. Ruth
  4. 1 Samuel
  5. 2 Samuel
  6. 1 Kings
  7. 2 Kings
  8. 1 Chronicles
  9. 2 Chronicles
  10. Ezra
  11. Nehemiah
  12. Esther
The Old Testament, the Hebrew Scriptures, are divided into three segments: Law, Writings and Prophets. The Writings contain historical books, as well as wisdom literature, and poetry. The history books focus on the history of the nation of Israel as the people enter the Promised Land of Canaan, their governmental types, such as the time of the theocratic rule of God during the judges and seers like Samuel, and the people's demand for a human king, the royalty, the division of the kingdom of Israel, the fall of the northern and southern kingdoms, their time in exile, and after the exile as they began to rebuild.

Joshua

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Judges

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Ruth

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1 Samuel

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2 Samuel

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1 Kings

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2 Kings

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1 Chronicles

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2 Chronicles

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Ezra

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Nehemiah

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Esther

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Writings - Poetry

Section Contents:

  1. Psalms
  2. Song of Solomon
  3. Lamentations
Another type of genre within the Writings is the beautiful and concrete poetry and songs of Israel. Poetry has a very earthy way of giving concrete images to create images in our minds as we read it. Whether the poems or songs be energetic and filled with praise or a song of sorrow like a funeral dirge, Poetry has a way of getting into our souls and putting us into emotionally-charged situations, making us participators in the experience of the poet. No other form of genre has the ability to take us to new heights or sink us to the depths of depression than poetry, and Hebrew poetry portrays such a brilliant and fine art that does just that for its readers.

Psalms

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Song of Solomon

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Lamentations

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Writings - Wisdom

Section Contents:

  1. Job
  2. Proverbs
  3. Ecclesiastes
Also within the category of the Writings is the genre of wisdom literature. Wisdom, as defined by the Hebrew understanding, is not about a philosophy or some far-off idea that isn't very applicable. It's not about useless information. It's exactly the opposite, focusing on knowledge that can be used to make the best choices and choose the best lifestyles to be successful. Wisdom is not about academia, but about using what a person knows to make decisions, to succeed where the rubber meets the road. There are generally two ways of wisdom: the way of wicked folly and the way of godly wisdom. Wisdom is seeking to live life with the principles that God the Creator put in place when He designed the world.

Job

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Proverbs

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Ecclesiastes

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Prophets - Major Prophets

Section Contents:

  1. Isaiah
  2. Jeremiah
  3. Ezekiel
  4. Daniel
There are four major prophets. We call them the major prophets not because they were more important than other prophets, but because they were more prolific. Their writing is simply more involved and longer than the others. Within all of the prophetic writings, there is a historical timeline and situation. These prophets fulfilled one of the functional offices in Israel's leadership. There was the king, then the priests, and finally the prophets. Prophets were visionaries whose job was to remind Israel of God's ways and call Israel to repent and be obedient to God.

Isaiah

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Jeremiah

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Ezekiel

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Daniel

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Prophets - Minor Prophets

Section Contents:

  1. Hosea
  2. Joel
  3. Amos
  4. Obadiah
  5. Jonah
  6. Micah
  7. Nahum
  8. Habakkuk
  9. Zephaniah
  10. Haggai
  11. Zechariah
  12. Malachi
Twelve minor prophets wrote works that in pure content are smaller than the major prophets. These prophets range from the times of the divided kingdom, what we call the pre-exilic period, the time leading up to, and even during the exile to Babylon, and also the post-exilic times after Israel had begun to return in the land. The subject matter is quite varied, and each of the prophets used the symbols and customs of their culture to communicate the people's need to return to God and be faithful to Him.A true prophet can indeed predict the future when God calls His shots, but moreso a prophet seeks to call people to repentance out of sin and into God's glorious light.

Hosea

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Joel

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Amos

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Obadiah

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Jonah

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Micah

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Nahum

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Habakkuk

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Zephaniah

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Haggai

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Zechariah

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Malachi

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